• What Is Building Construction?
  • Building Construction Process Start To Finish
  • Pre-Construction Steps (Phase – I)
    • To Acquire Land or Plot
    • To Seek Technical Help
    • Preparing Estimate and Budget
    • Permission from Authorities
    • Approach a Builder
  • Building Construction Step (Phase – II)
    • Site Preparation or Leveling
    • Excavation and PCC
    • Foundation
    • Plinth Beam and Slab
    • Superstructure – Column
    • Brick Masonry Work
    • The Lintel Over Door Window Gaps
    • Floor Slab or Roof Structure
    • Door Window Framing and Fixations
    • Electrical and Plumbing
    • Exterior Finishing
    • Terrace and Roof Finishing
    • Internal Finishing
    • Woodwork and Fixture Fittings
    • Waterproofing
    • Painting Work

Building Construction Process Step by Step

What Is Building Construction?

Building Construction Process From Start to Finish involves any type of construction that is not an easy task; perhaps it requires lots of effort and investment. Although building construction requires lots of time and is tedious work, its result is a permanent asset for us. The residential building construction process is a systematic task done by skilled persons.

Therefore, care should be taken in the building construction process step by step. Before planning, building construction projects must consider important aspects of house construction steps like the purpose of construction, utility, financial proficiency, the demand for work, etc.

As the decision of building construction is taken, the planning phase is started. The building construction process from start to finish is discussed here in detail. First of all start with some preconstruction steps.

The House construction Steps is explained in detail below:

Building Construction Process Start To Finish

Following are the Steps Involved in Building Construction Process from Start to Finish Pdf,

  1. Pre-Construction Steps
  1. To Acquire Land or Plot.
  2. To Seek Technical Help.
  3. Prepare Estimation and Budgets.
  4. Permission from Authorities.
  5. Approach a Builder.
  6. Superstructure – Column.
  7. During Building Construction Steps
  8. Site Preparation or Levelling work
  9. Excavation and PPC
  10. Foundation
  11. Plinth Beam or Slab
  12. Superstructure – Column
  13. Brick Masonry Work
  14. The Lintel Over Door Window Gaps
  15. Floor Slab or Roof Structure
  16. Door Window Framing and Fixations
  17. Electrical and Plumbing
  18. Exterior Finishing
  19. Terrace and Roof Finishing
  20. Internal Finishes
  21. Woodwork and Fixture Fittings
  22. Waterproofing
  23. Painting Work

The following are the building construction process step by step

  1. Pre-Construction Steps (Phase – I)
  2. To Acquire Land or Plot

It is the most important step in building construction. Search for the location for the building which is best suited for building construction purposes. Be careful while selecting land which has all the desired facilities available nearby and should be free from all land-related issues.

It is suggested that do prior data collection before buying land or plot either by doing research online or seeking help from real estate agents or concerned persons regarding the effective cost of the same.

  1. To Seek Technical Help

After selecting proper land for building, take the help of a professional architect to create building designs and take his/her advice. An architect prepare plan as per building requirement, number of flats, shops based on your requirements and budget.

Then after architect consult with a structural engineer for details of the reinforcements to be used, how deep your foundation will be, the size of gravel to be used, pillar width, etc.

3.Preparing Estimate and Budget

Building construction involves a huge amount of material and budget. After, planning and structural detailing have been completed these details are transferred to the building estimator. The building estimator will estimate the material quantity, quantity of different items of work, and prepare an abstract sheet that shows the cost of building construction.

If financial resources are limited, we need to seek pre-approval for loans in advance, or else you may end up in a cash crunch situation.

  1. Permission from Authorities

This is important work to do after the project is ready to be executed. For that, we have to take permission from the local municipal body before you could go for the construction.

Following are the list of document project required before applying for permission. This document may differ from state to state, but some are essential for every building construction work.

  1. Land survey: Survey of the land has to be carried out with the help of authorized land surveyor
  2. Soil test report of the land.
  3. Land documents.
  4. Architecture/ elevation/ sectional drawings.
  5. Structural report.
  6. Architect Certificate of undertaking on Record and Certificate of the undertaking of Civil Engineer on Record
  7. Approach a Builder

builder or contractor for construction must be chosen carefully because it is a major factor for securing building construction quality and timely construction of work. Pre investigation must be done about the builder before handing in work. In the contract document, all the work-related details must be clearly stated.

The contract document should cover layout and work details along with the payment methods, time scales, and costs. The condition of the contract should be thoroughly checked before signing a final deal.

Building Construction Step (Phase – II)

The following are the building construction steps involved in any type of construction.

  1. Site Preparation or Leveling

Site preparation involves the demolition or wrecking of buildings and other structures, clearing of building sites and sale of materials from demolished structures. Site preparation also entails blasting, test drilling, landfill, levelling, earth-moving, excavating, land drainage and other land preparation


  1. Excavation and PCC


The foundation of the building ground is excavated with the help of excavating machines as per the building dimension specified in the drawings. In this foundation trench, a layer of PCC (Plain cement concrete) is laid in the dug portion before placing the reinforcements for the foundation.

  1. Foundation

Foundation is the lowest part of the building or the civil structure that is in direct contact with the soil which transfers loads from the structure to the soil safely. Generally, the foundation can be classified into two, namely shallow foundation and deep foundation. A shallow foundation transfers the load to a stratum present in a shallow depth. The deep foundation transfers the load to a deeper depth below the ground surface. A tall building like a skyscraper or a building constructed on very weak soil requires deep foundation. If the constructed building has the plan to extend vertically in future, then a deep foundation must be suggested.

  1. Plinth Beam and Slab

After the foundation work is done ground beam formwork preparation is started and poured with concrete. Over the plinth beam, masonry work is started. And space between foundation and plinth beam filled with soil.

  1. Superstructure – Column

The superstructure is the portion above the plinth level of the building. The main component of the superstructure is a column and beam.  The columns are built up to slab level and the frame for further construction is prepared.

  1. Brick Masonry Work

As column and beam framework completed masonry work is started with different materials such as bricks, concrete blocks, fly ash bricks, etc. according to building drawing. Masonry work is done using a cement mortar mix. It is a mixture of cement & sand. During this carefully and as per drawing gaps are laid for doors and windows during the masonry work.

  1. The Lintel Over Door Window Gaps

The lintel is constructed on the door and window to support the masonry work over it. After this further masonry work is done.

  1. Floor Slab or Roof Structure

Then the formwork is started to construct slab resting on the column and beam. Over slab formwork, slab reinforcement is placed as per slab detailed drawing.

  1. Door Window Framing and Fixations

After that door window frames are fixed at their specified position given in the drawing.

  1. Electrical and Plumbing

As we know buildings are constructed with a clean finish in which electrical and plumbing work is not visible. They are installed in the walls and slabs such that they are concealed and not visible after the finishing work is done. The point and pipe ends are left out such that later they can be finished with the electric fitting and plumbing fixtures.

  1. Exterior Finishing

Once this work is completed, external plastering and finishing work is started. Waterproofing is also done to prevent rising dampness in the wall. External cladding can also be done to enhance the elevation of the house.

  1. Terrace and Roof Finishing

On top of the slab, waterproofing is done to prevent any leakage in the slab. Generally, terrazzo tiling is done to prevent the slab from a weathering effect.

  1. Internal Finishing

Internal walls are plaster with a smooth finish and flooring is done with tiles. Later on, the walls are painted or textured.

  1. Woodwork and Fixture Fittings

By following the above step, almost all construction work is completed, and then after furniture work is started. Side by side, electrical fitting, switchboard, and plumbing fittings are complete in the bathrooms and kitchen areas too.

  1. Waterproofing

Waterproofing is a method that prevents water from penetrating your house. Waterproofing is very important as it helps keep your house dry. It helps reduce humidity inside the house and thereby protects things inside your house from damage caused due to humidity or water exposure

  1. Painting Work

The most important purpose of house painting is to give our house a long life and adding colors to it is to give our house a beautiful makeover. The painting work not only adds colors to house walls but protects their house from all stains and dirt and gives their house a long life, however, walls have a way of finding some stains.

There are various paint qualities which can be used to protect our house for a long time from stain, mud, sunlight, rain, dirt, etc. from basic paint to high-quality paint which can give our house 5 to 10 years of extra life and an amazing look for exterior and interior as well.

The last step of building construction is interior decoration work in completing the building construction with proper furnishing and fabric used.